Lumbar Spine Anatomy

The lower back, also known as the lumbar spine, is that part of the spinal column where the spine curves inwards towards the abdomen. The lumbar segment of the spine starts from five to six inches below the shoulder blades. At the top the lumbar spine joins the thoracic spine and then goes all the way down to the sacral spine. The lumbar column of the spine is built in a way to provide flexibility and power to the body so that activities like lifting, twisting and bending can be done in an effortless manner.  While there are many causes of lumbar spine pain, degenerated or herniated discs and arthritis are the most common.

Causes of Lumbar Spine Pain

Lumbar Spine PainLumbar pain can be caused by a variety of reasons and lumbar spine conditions that include pressure or compression of the nerve roots exiting the spine, problems of the joints like facet joint dislocation, disc herniation or degeneration as well as muscles and bones can all be a source of pain. Sometimes lumbar spine pain is caused due to interrelated spinal problems. Like disc degeneration may take place due to previous joint instability and as we known disc degeneration puts pressure on the nerve root which causes pain in the back. Other causes for lower back pain include:

  • Muscular Problem
  • Degenerated Discs
  • Lumbar Disc Herniation
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Lumbar Stenosis

 Lower Spine Pain Management

Lower spine pain treatment and management depends upon the patient’s condition and medical history. A majority of times, lower back pain tends to get better within six weeks on its own or with the help of conservative treatment methods. Lumbar surgery is the last option that is considered by doctors when the condition is extremely severe and untreatable with the help of non-surgical methods.

Lower back pain management options include:

  • Rest
  • Heat and Ice Therapy
  • Back Strengthening Exercises
  • Low Impact Aerobic Exercises
  • Massage Therapy
  • Chiropractic Manipulation